Design Discourse – Pixar Animation Presentation with Helen Haswell

Helen Haswell has given us us a presentation on American animation, mainly the mainstream animation companies such as Disney, Pixar, Dreamworks and Blue Sky Studios.

Walt Disneys studio entertainments include:

Walt Disney Animation Studios – 1923 

Walt Disney Motion Pictures – 1950

Disney Music Group – 1956

Lucasfilm 1972 (2012)

Touchstone Pictures 1984 

Pixar Animation Studios 1986 (2006)

Disney Theatrical Group 1993

Marvel Studios 1996 (2009)

Disneynature 2008

Alice in Wonderland – 1923:

The Disney brother cartoon studio was established in 1923 and was the year Alice in wonderland was created, there was a short created of Alice wanting to watch some “funnies” being created which then showed a cat and dog fighting over a kennel then as she looked around the studio it was apparent that the art was alive, full of Disney’s creations. Later that night Alice was going to bed and dreamed she was being welcomed to a “wonderland” of Disney’s cartoon characters, she danced and celebrated with the animals until imprisoned lions had escaped chasing the towns people away. She fought and raved with the lions until she had no choice but to jump of a cliff edge to escape the never ending chase.

This series ran from 1923 to 1927 until the show ended, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit was founded in the year 1927 which would be the leading inspiration of Micky Mouse in the next year when the iconic short “Steamboat Willie” (1928)

Steamboat Willie – 1928:

Helen began to tell us how the film was describe as plasmatic, which is describe as how the animation is manipulated which gave Disney a more authentic feel compared to other animation companies back in the 1920’s

The Classic Era – 1937 – 1988:

  • Snow White (1937)
  • Pinocchio (1940)
  • Fantasia (1940
  • Dumbo (1941)
  • Bambi (1942)
  • Saludos Amigos (1943)
  • The Three Caballeros (1944)
  • Make Mine Music (1946)
  • Fun And Fancy Free (1947)

2D Cell Animation Process: How Walt Disney Cartoons Are Made (1938):

“Lots of pretty girls” seems that Disney only hires pretty women to work for Walt back in the day… heh.

Renaissance Era (1989 – 1999):

  • The Little Mermaid (1989)
  • The Rescuers Down Under (1990)
  • Beauty And The Beast (1991)
  • Aladdin (1992)
  • The Lion King (1994)
  • Pocahontas (1995)
  • The Hunchback Of Notre Dame (1996)
  • Hercules (1997)
  • Mulan (1998)
  • Tarzan (199)

Beauty And The Beast CGI Background With Hand Drawn Figures:

In the iconic scene when belle and Beast have their first dance in the ball room, it can be seen that the background is made from CGI, i never thought on this for its time, it was amazingly blended together but now that it has been brought up you can see the camera pans as the drawn figures are applied into the scene! Amazing!

This process was also used in Mulan and was the starting point toward digital animation.

Neo-Disney Period (1999 – 2004):

  • Fantasia 2000 (1999)
  • The Emperor’s New Groove (2000)
  • Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2001)
  • Lilo And Stitch (2002)
  • Treasure Planet (2002)
  • Brother Bear (2003)
  • Home On The Range (2004)

This has been described as a negative time for Disney as they did not make as much profit from these movies.

Digital Disney Period (2005 – 2007):

  • Chicken Little (2005)
  • Meet The Robinsons (2007)

No, just no….!

Post Pixar Disney (2008 – ):

  • Bolt (2008)
  • The Princess And The Frog (2009)
  • Tangled (2010)
  • Wreck It Ralph (2011)
  • Frozen (2013)
  • Big Hero 6 (2014)

The Disney Princess Franchise:

  • Snow White (1937)
  • Cinderalla (1950)
  • Sleeping Beauty (1958)
  • The little Mermaid (1989)
  • Beauty And The Beast (1991)
  • Aladdin (1992)
  • Pocahontas (1995)
  • Mulan (1998)
  • The Princess and the frog (2009)
  • tangled (2010)
  • Brave (2012)
  • Frozen (2013)

Pixar Animation Studios Filmography:

  • Toy Story (1995)
  • A Bugs Life (1998)
  • Toy Story 2 (1999)
  • Monsters Inc (2001)
  • Finding Nemo (2003)
  • The Incredibles (2004)
  • Cars (2006)
  • Ratatouille (2007)
  • Wall-E (2008)
  • Up (2009)
  • Toy Story 3 (2010)
  • Cars 2 (2011)
  • Brave (2012)
  •  Monsters University (2013)

Tin Toy – 1988:

I don’t know how this made me feel, i was terrified for the most part by how scary the baby looked…. Toy Story was defiantly a better improvement.

I really enjoyed Helens presentation as it was very insightful into Disney and Pixars different animation studios, my favorite would had to be the process of the CGI and hand drawn figures of Beauty and The Beast as it was crafted beautifully for its time!

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